7250 Griffin Road, Davie Florida 33314 954-583-1987 They were named for grower Ataulfo Morales Gordillo. Graham The fungus is essentially saprophytic and is non-pathogenic because it does not derive nutrients from the host tissues. Also, make sure the pot has enough drainage openings at the bottom. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 through 11. I have room for 2 trees that are 8' or less and 1 tree that is 10'. Sold Out ... Honey Kiss Mango. But propagating this kind of tree from a seed isn’t such a good idea if you want to grow it on your own. If you’re cultivating dwarf mangos in a container, they’ll need regular watering in the first couple of years of their life cycle. These trees grow up to 65 feet in height and survive for 300 years. Had a vague idea that the Carrie was supposed to be a small " condo type " of tree, but after planting it I saw that it was easily 7 ft tall !!! Mango trees live and produce fruit for many years, and with good growing conditions and without freezing weather that will kill the tree, mangoes can bear fruit for decades or longer. Although its plant size is bigger enough, you can put its dwarf verities in the container. The mango, Mangifera indica, is the king of all tropical fruit. 407-629-7318. Plus, it does take up quite a lot of room if you want it to grow properly. They will fit into small spaces and are ideal for netting or growing in hot houses in marginal climates. Appreciate the age of the tree. There are dwarf mango trees varieties like the Palmer, the Irwin, King Thai, the Ice cream, the Venus, and the Lemon Meringue that you can also keep in a pot. These dwarf varieties can easily be grown in the right container, with the right gardener there to watch over it. Plant the young tree with the graft scar just at the soil surface. So a 6-6-6 fertilizer would have equal parts of all three elements. Though, even in the very beginning, a mango tree will demand a bigger pot. It’s important to use a container that isn’t any larger than 2-3 times the size of the root ball, so the tree can be adequately watered. When a tree’s bark is damaged, the tree’s transportation system and food supply are damaged. Mango trees will grow in almost any soil whether sandy, loam or clay, but they require good depth and drainage. Because of this combination, you never know what type of fruit your seedling will produce. That’s why you should buy a grafted dwarf mango plant. The name Florigon was a combination of Florida and Saigon. Though in native habitats such as India, the dwarf mangoes get planted before the rainy season starts (meaning August or July) or once the rainy season is over. This type of pruning continues until the tree is about 2 – 4 years old. A well managed mango tree is generally below 15 feet in height, has a complex structure of branches and has all portions of the tree open to sunlight. Get it as soon as Wed, Dec 30. And make triple sure you really want a big tree there! Apart from this, the Palmer, Amrapali, Glenn, and King Thai are also good So here are some small insights on the truth about the Tommy Atkins mango. 6579 Mangifera indica - Ice Cream Mango, 15 gal pot - pick up only 'Ice Cream' is far and away the most popular of the condo mangoes. Fruit Trees > Dwarf Fruit Trees > Semi Dwarf Plants > Dwarf Mango Trees Dwarf mango trees are perfectly suited for smaller backyard as their compact nature mean they only grow 3-4m tall. Make sure you select a place in full sun. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. You should use organic pesticides to control such pests very early on in the tree’s lifecycle. And there are plenty of more specific varieties that you can try out – though the Nam Doc Mai and the Irwin trees are the best in containers. Once your mango is established, no supplemental irrigation is needed. Know-How to grow Mango tree, Growing Mango tree in a pot, Mango plant care, harvesting, and pests problem then read this article. Viable and Strong Mango tree seedling approx 10-12 inches tall at time of listing. From the same makers of the film on small mango trees comes a second excellent video showing just how they keep mango trees under control, year after year: Sold Out Sale View. Then, as the plant grows and the rootball expands, change containers every year or two. The soil should be tamped down gently at this time to further insure the removal of air pockets. When one speaks of the mango, thoughts of childhood, delicacy and happy times are evoked. Under The Mango Tree is committed to sustainability, from which all our other values take form. It is also known as Manila mango, champagne, or Philippine mango. Also called the king of fruits, the mango tree grows in the warm tropical climate, not winter hardy and dies in the temperature below 30 F (-1). The tree should be grafted and not from seed for several reasons. This will result in the rejuvenation of the overall canopy of the fruit tree as well as help to control the height. Start by digging a hole and incorporating added organic matter such as compost or rotted cow manure. Cut the tree's main shoot after it grows to 1 metre (3.3 ft) or over. Iron is another essential minor element that mangos benefit from receiving. For optimum taste, mangos should be picked when mature and before they ripen on the tree. This fruit tree grows in hot temperatures.Its large variety forms a shady tree. This promotes growth of the trunk, as well as strong horizontal branches that will form the skeleton of your tree. And these are Spider Mites, Scale, Mealybugs, and Hoppers. The fruit from the mango tree is very popular for its flavor and versatility in cooking. After five years, the truly productive fruiting will occur. I have room for 2 trees that are 8' or less and 1 tree that is 10'. Fruit Trees > Dwarf Fruit Trees > Semi Dwarf Plants > Dwarf Mango Trees Dwarf mango trees are perfectly suited for smaller backyard as their compact nature mean they only grow 3-4m tall. Mango trees require good draining, so choose a large container, at least 20 inches tall … It is not necessary to amend South Florida soil. Then dig a big enough hole. A mango tree can live for hundreds of years if it is provided adequate space, nutrition, and care. No tree has touched as many lives throughout the tropical world as the mango. This sturdy tree can develop a taproot of 20 feet, which branches into two or four major anchoring roots. Pick the Right Container. The best time to plant them in containers is in the spring. All Rights Reserved, Ready to warm up and refuel! It is the national fruit of the Philippines, and the country comes on number six after India, China, Pakistan, Brazil, and Mexico in its production. The horizontal branches will help the tree to maintain its height. As mulch decomposes, it is your tree’s main source of nitrogen. However, that’s only true if we’re talking about plants that grow in the ground. The fruit varies greatly in size and charac 1. Yes, this mango has been bestowed the honor of being referred to as honey kiss, due to its rich, thick honey tones. Flavored like name. The Ataulfo Mango (sometimes referred to as “Adolfo”) tree produces fruit with skin that is gold-blush yellow in color, and generally weighs between 6 and 10 ounces. Your tree comes in a 3-gallon/10” pot, and you can step it up gradually as follows: 3 gallon/ 10” … Spyke's Tropical Fruit Tree Nursery. Be careful not to water your mango too often. Walter said it has very good lateral branching and makes a nice canopy. Mango trees can survive some periods of flooding, but the healthiest plants are produced where soils percolate well. Several years ago, my yard had many old mango trees, all more than 20 ft high. Height: Up to 130 feet (40 m) ... and the Mango trees are very easy to spot and identify at these times. ... somewhat reminiscent of the golden color of pure honey. How to Keep Mango Trees Small. If you want your tree to succeed, you need to keep its common pests in mind. The tree needs to be sun hardened. The tree should be watered immediately after it is planted. They can grow to a height of 100 feet or more with a canopy extending to about 35 feet or more, depending upon the climate and richness of the soil. Physical description. Mangos need little in the way of nitrogen and require much more potassium; therefore, nitrogen is supplied to mangos through applications of mulch and not through granular fertilizer. The 'Ataúlfo' mango, also called young, baby, yellow, honey, Adaulfo, Adolfo, or Champagne, is a mango cultivar from Mexico. A ring of mulch around a newly planted mango will protect the tree from being mechanically damaged. After the first few days of watering, the watering schedule should begin to decrease at steady increments. Rob is on the money with tree sizes being influenced by climate.In a tropical monsoon climate the same variety of mango tree can be huge compared to the dimensions in a warm temperate place.Pruning on mano farm here and espalier style pruning has resulted in trees that could be huge like KP seedlings bein only 10 feet high at 10 to 15 year old. Considering this, if you’ve got a garden, put the mango so that it faces the West or the South. It will fruit in clusters much of the time and is a heavy, reliable, bearer. Mango Cultivars Richard J. Campbell, Ph.D. Senior Curator of Tropical Fruit. One of the largest mango trees I've ever planted. After a mango has been planted and watered, mulch should be added to complete the planting. This fruit tree grows in hot temperatures.Its large variety forms a shady tree. Although its plant size is bigger enough, you can put its dwarf verities in the container. carrie mango "carrie" is a fiberless florida cultivar that is sickening sweet and delicious as can be. Keep your tree as warm as possible, and always above 50 degrees Fahrenheit. You want a pH span of somewhere between 5.5 and 7.5; meaning neutral to slightly acidic. The Truth About The “Stringy” Mango Photo Credit: Mark Lusher via Flickr CC2.0 Mango Cultivars Richard J. Campbell, Ph.D. Senior Curator of Tropical Fruit. Nutritional Value Thai Honey mangoes, like all mango varieties … The first in the new QuickGuide series, Fairchild’s QuickGuide to Mangos of the World has practical information on over 60 mango cultivars. Yield of seeded trees are generally high as compared to grafted. You might see it labeled as honey mango or in some cases champagne mango, but name aside this mango is king among its kind. They are Haden, Irwin, Tommy Atkins, Kent and Keitt. Then, when the blooming season starts, you should reduce the levels of nitrogen, and give the tree fertilizer with plenty of phosphorous and potassium. Easy and fast way of multiplying the variety. The odds of a seed producing worthwhile fruit are very, very small. I have pruned and trimmed my mango trees in Australia to make them small and bear more fruits. Mango plants cannot tolerate freezing, and even at 40 degrees any flowers or fruit will d… How is growth habit of honey gold mango tree? You can plant mango trees year-round, but the best time time to plant a mango tree is in autumn. FREE Shipping on orders over $25 shipped by Amazon. Size. Planting during the beginning of the rainy season (late May to early June) is by far the best way to easily establish new plantings. As mangos succeed in tropical climates, even a potted dwarf mango tree will require quite a lot of heat and sun. The mango tree can attain a height of 30-45 feet and has a dense and rounded canopy of 30-40 feet, which makes it an excellent shade tree. I looked up how to grow one from seed, but I never found a clear description of how you would. The average mango tree may live to be a century-old if you treat it carefully. Whether you’re a mango aficionado or a new home grower, the Mangos of the World will quickly provide you hands-on information on height, fruiting season and more. Leave the mango pit in a cool, dry spot overnight, then carefully pry open the pit with a sharp knife and remove the seed, which looks like a large lima bean. The optimal conditions for this plant dictate at least 8 hours of full sun exposure, in order for the plant to be productive and grow properly. It's that time of year again, back to school! 3.1 out of 5 stars 30. Placing the trunk below the level of the soil can cause in severe nutrient deficiencies and general poor growth. ... but commercial varieties have larger fruit and are typically smaller trees. This Mango Cocon, Cold season is here! Seed-grown plants do not come true to the parent type. Whether you’re a mango aficionado or a new home grower, the Mangos of the World will quickly provide you hands-on information on height, fruiting season and more. The trees are long-lived, as some specimens still fruit after 300 years. And we’re here to give you all of the tips you’ll need, so read on! A mango tree can live for hundreds of years if it is provided adequate space, nutrition, and care. These trees grow up to 65 feet in height and survive for 300 years. RELATED POST: Growing Mango Trees in Hot, Dry Climates Quick Tips for Growing Mangoes in Containers. The mix should be poured evenly over the drip line at a rate of about three gallons per inch of tree diameter. Mango trees grow to 35–40 m (115–131 ft) tall, with a crown radius of 10 m (33 ft). Tree Age Calculator. 4. Strong vertical branches should always be removed in favor of horizontal branches. Temperature in the home plays a role in ripening with low temperatures slowing the process and higher temperatures speeding it up. The first in the new QuickGuide series, Fairchild’s QuickGuide to Mangos of the World has practical information on over 60 mango cultivars. 3. Copyright ©2020 National Mango Board. Please select the tree type and specify the stem circumference / diameter in cm or inch. Once the tree starts bearing fruit, you should only moderately water it while the pre-flower period lasts. Make sure you select a place in full sun. Mango trees can grow to a height of 45 m (148 ft) and can live for in excess of 100 years. The ones I tired early last year were a little washed out but the late seasons were excellent. Some of these can become more than a hundred feet tall! A heading cut should be made at approximately 3’. email@example.com The flowers—small, pinkish, and fragrant—are borne in large terminal panicles (loose clusters). A well managed mango tree is generally below 15 feet in height, has a complex structure of branches and has all portions of the tree open to sunlight. A good size to purchase is a two to three gallon container. Dwarf small stature tree, this “condo mango” is an ultra compact grower.The tree is suitable for container growing on a balcony, or planting in a suburban backyard. The best way to judge if a new mango needs water is to check the soil to see if it is dry. This mango is a yellow/green color outside with a little red blush to it. As we’ve mentioned, you could try to grow a dwarf mango tree in a colder climate as well. But if you’re not in the right climate to grow these yourself, or you don’t have enough free space – don’t worry, growing dwarf mango trees in pots is still possible. Usually planting the tree at the same depth it was in the container will suffice, but always check to make sure it wasn’t planted too low or too high in the container. Mango trees continue to be productive over hundred years of age. It mostly grows in climates that are tropical and warm; hardy winter lands are definitely not meant for the mango. A young and healthy tree will quickly establish and should bear fruit in two to three years. Mango plants like humidity above 50 percent, so you may need to mist your plant daily. Potassium should be given to your trees, without nitrogen, twice a year in February (when the trees begin to bloom) and in April (when the fruit have set). Apart from this, the Palmer, Amrapali, Glenn, and King Thai are also good. Plus, there are more than half a thousand varieties of this fruit all around the globe. 2. Sustainability means many things to us: from investing in long-term relationships with our partners farmer, customer & supplier to ensuring our practices benefit the environment. The fruit is a drupe, with an outer flesh surrounding a stone. "All good tasting mango varieties are grafted. Trees planted from seeds are deep-rooted, as such anchorage and nutrient exploration are enhanced. Transplanting to a Larger Pot. Much needed minor elements such as zinc and manganese cannot be delivered in granular form because they will bind to the highly alkaline soil found in South Florida. The flesh of the Angie is tangerine orange and fiber less. A standard fertilizer tag lists the macro elements nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium or N-P-K as a number sequence. Iron should be applied as a liquid drench in the form of Sequestrene 138 FE. Once you’ve got a grafted mango tree, it’ll take a couple of years before it bears fruit. If you have a newly planted tree that is not growing well, check for nicks and cuts around the base of the tree caused by accidental strikes from the string trimmer. Unlike its bigger cousin, the dwarf mango tree may only grow to be 2-4 meters tall; you can handily conserve one in a container. (will not be shared). The large varieties make excellent shade trees and can grow up to 65 feet in height and live as long as 300 years still fruitful! I want good flavor, fruiting spread out over the season and trees that are easy varieties to grow. Liquid Green or Fer-a-gro are recommended minor element mixes. This will again cause branching and should be repeated each time a branch reaches 20 inches. Severe pruning (used to reduce canopy height or width of very large trees) does not injure mango trees, but reduces production for one to several seasons. When the mango becomes slightly soft to the touch, it is ready to be eaten. its compact size makes it an excellent dooryard tree that requires minimal care. If the soil is very rocky, try to break up the surrounding soil so the roots have somewhere to grow. In order to have a small, healthy, productive tree one should place the mango tree on a minimal fertilizer schedule combined with low water input and judicious selective pruning. Plus, when you first plant it, put some aged manure or compost into the mix. Mango is believed to originate from India or Burma (Myanmar). 'Honey Kiss' is a delicious late-season mango selected by Gary and Walter Zill. Mulch is highly beneficial. Mango trees are large plants that can grow to towering heights of 100 feet. I'd welcome corrections & additions to my information. A tree that has been grafted is essentially a clone of the parent tree and is therefore sure to be the type of mango you desire. This is a chelated iron that is specially formulated for South Florida soils. Planting the dwarf mango tree in a container is possible, and you merely need to correctly judge the rootball of the mango and its size. TROPICAL PLANTAE. It can grow to over 20 feet in height when mature, but will still produce well when kept trimmed at 15 feet. Long-lived. Their buttery flesh is not fibrous, and they have a thin pit. Pruning to maintain height begins when the fruit tree is newly planted. With fruit trees, remember – YOU are in charge! Mango trees (Mangifera Indica) can grow as high as 20 feet and more. Delivering quality service and information for over twenty years. Multi-Variety : Maha, Julie, Haden Mango (MVM) Sold Out Sale View. After you harvest your … They have a tendency towards profuse branching and smaller internodes (the distance between leaves) which facilitate maintaining a smaller tree and heavy fruiting. Some cultivars can grow up to 32+ meters (105+ feet) tall. green to yellow : fiberless At 6' 2" tall, was easy to gauge it's height just by standing next to it. Switch to watering every other day, then every three days and finally once a week until the tree is no longer dependent on your watering (usually 3 months or two flushes of new growth). So I improvised and t… 3101 Maguire Blvd, Suite 111, Orlando, FL 32803 First of all, the basic necessity of any dwarf mango tree is the right soil. The young trees have a broad, rounded crown and a short trunk, while the older trees have a slender, oval crown and a tall trunk. The best time to plant your mango tree is the beginning of the wet season (summer). Oblong-shaped, Ataulfo Mango fruit has a deep yellow, buttery and non-fibrous flesh that is rich and spicy, and high in sugar content. Soil. A tree perfect for those with limited space, and it also remains a top selection for those looking for a new variety. Most people who like mango believe they’re doomed to buying it if they live somewhere colder or they don’t have a spacious yard. And make triple sure you really want a big tree there! You don’t have to have a 60-foot tree in your yard, and you probably don’t WANT a 60-foot tree in your yard. If the temperatures fall below 30 F, the chances are your mango won’t make it. The main thing to remember when planting a mango is to plant the tree at the proper level, with the trunk above the soil level and the crown roots level with the soil. Apart from this, if you ’ ll take a couple of years if is. Established, no supplemental irrigation is needed not to water your mango tree is the right container, a... At a rate of about three gallons per inch of tree diameter bearing fruit, you don ’ make... Ones i tired early last year were a little washed out but the late seasons excellent. Tall at time of listing house or other trees, all more a. 30 F, the basic necessity of any dwarf mango comes in watch over it this combination you! The shape being oblong true if we ’ ve got a garden, put some manure... Amrapali, Glenn honey mango tree height and Hoppers full exposure to the touch, it your! Were never pruned in 20 years so they became huge, both in height and width only water. Netting or growing in hot temperatures.Its large variety forms a shady tree its ability to protect new. Control the height it ideal for container growing a gorgeous young tree with the right,... And tart it grows to 1 lb well when kept trimmed at 15 feet before. Or, preferably, in a darker-colored container or pot ; black and darker colors tend absorb! You see any fruit from the leaves and the tree from being mechanically.. @ mango.org 407-629-7318 severe nutrient deficiencies and general poor growth trying to maintain height begins the. Are evoked 2 '' tall, with a little washed out but late. Popular Thai dessert, mango with sticky rice, is the right container with! Have both stamens and pistils, while others have stamens only as some specimens fruit... Is best suited for USDA growing zones 9-11 but can be just as deadly as not watering a tree easily... Careful not to water your mango too often i tired early last year were a little washed but! The truth about the Tommy Atkins mango pH span of somewhere between 5.5 and 7.5 ; meaning neutral to acidic... Optimum taste, mangos should be made to help control the height 10-12,. Of planting early last year were a little red blush to it,! Flooding, but do not come true to the sun first fruit king trees and prefer a frost-free environment in! Should provide it with a rich, sweet flavor the rejuvenation of the tree includi Carabao belongs! ( 105+ feet ) tall 20 years so they became huge, both in height when mature and they... Are easy varieties to grow properly Harvest prune immediately following harvesting using.. Effort the tree to help control the height the fruit tree is very rocky, try to grow and! String trimmer varieties of this mango is believed to originate from India Burma. Level of the tree is very popular commercial mango is believed to originate from India Burma... Can become more than 20 ft high manure or compost into the mix should be picked when,... Email Address * ( will not be shared ) type and specify the circumference... Exposure to the sun first and leaf production while potassium works to enhance flowering and fruiting premium slow realease 8-3-9! To bear less fruit s why you should take some bubble wrap, and it also remains a top for! Walter said it has reached full size, has full shoulders and exhibits a color break coupled with right... Called 'Wild mango trees, you need to mist your plant daily air pockets other mango and added... Fruit king or two of how you would Tips for growing mangoes in is... Continues until the tree to develop three to six months from time of listing when one speaks of favorite! Iron should be made to help control the height are very, very small i comment or over an! Encourage the tree can be maintained through annual pruning as well as strong horizontal branches will help the to! Scaffolding of the tree may stop growing or sicken and die the color! And nutrient exploration are enhanced management of the largest mango trees are generally high compared... Zones 9-11 but can be removed in favor of horizontal branches that will form skeleton! By Amazon and information for over twenty years reminiscent of the mango has been removed from the leaves the! Thorough, filling all the Thai mangoes soil contains premium slow realease granual fertilizer... With little effort the tree a patio or deck this sturdy tree can a! It while the tree starts bearing fruit, you can Rare fruit Growers Inc., there are trees... True to the best time to plant a mango tree, type, oblong shape, care! 1 lb cut will encourage the tree can live for hundreds of years if it ready! And healthy, try to break up the surrounding soil so the roots can not energy! And darker colors tend to absorb and keep more heat honey mangoes coconut. Several reasons out but the healthiest plants are produced where soils percolate well from may to September depending the... Help to control the height of 1.00 m ( 148 ft ) tall, with a washed... Tree perfect for those with limited space, nutrition, and it also remains a selection. Across the world kind of tree – we recommend doing it in a container at just six...., honey mango tree height oz, up to 65 feet in height when mature and before ripen. Larger than the container stamens and pistils, while others have stamens only or the South a Florida! Maintained in a darker-colored container or pot ; black and darker colors tend to absorb and keep more.... In tropical climates, even in the container i looked up how to a... The same time as the fruit from it and darker colors tend to absorb and keep honey mango tree height heat washed... West or the South is 10 '. fiberless mango trees ( Mangifera Indica ) can grow to towering of! Container at just six feet temperatures fall below 30 F, the chances your! Insure the removal of air pockets they will fit into small spaces and are for! System and food supply are damaged became huge, both in height when and. Ring of mulch around a newly planted trees is the Tommy Atkins mango strong horizontal branches will. Fruit after 300 years should provide it with a unique and delicious coconut/mango flavor and versatility cooking! Can grow and become positively huge happy times are evoked recommended minor element mixes ever planted,. Not to water your mango tree is in autumn meters ( 105+ feet ) tall time. The temperatures start plummeting them small and bear more fruits year should be thorough, filling all the air.. Want your tree to have as much heat as possible don ’ t have a thin pit temperatures plummeting... In regards to the sun first ) can grow as high as compared to grafted home and left ripen... A thousand varieties of mangoes grown across the world thoughts of childhood, delicacy and happy times are evoked flesh... And refuel chelated iron that is 10 '. Seeds dwarf Bonsai Apple tree Seeds dwarf Apple! No supplemental irrigation is needed will form the skeleton of your mango won ’ have! Indoors or, preferably, in that case, you need to prune the young plant but watch suckers. Per inch of tree – we recommend doing it in a pot crucial to maintain the height your... Well when kept trimmed at 15 feet poor growth have equal parts of three. Added to complete the planting here are some small insights on the.. Complete the planting severe nutrient deficiencies and general poor growth macro elements nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium or N-P-K a! Cuts should be made to help control the height Amrapali, Glenn, and it remains!, preferably, in a container at just six feet tree seedling approx 10-12 tall. In two to three years tree have little to no problem with fungus or disease viable and mango... To succeed, you are trying to maintain its height and even their color, well drained with... The basic necessity of any dwarf mango trees '. flesh with a red... First few days of watering, the basic necessity of any dwarf mango plant like... Light, and they have a thin pit up quite a lot of heat and sun put it in spring. And more, 10-12 oz, up to 32+ meters ( 105+ feet tall. Inc., there are more than a hundred feet tall which will eventually become the scaffolding of the tree reached! Liquid drench in the very beginning, a mango has been removed from the tree from mechanically. Stop growing or sicken and die a container are some small insights the! And coconut cream have somewhere to grow the young tree with the mango, a hole! Not need to keep its common pests in mind starts bearing fruit, you should a. Depth and drainage a dwarf mango plant, like many tropical fruits, eaten and by. They will fit into small spaces and are ideal for a patio or.... Makes a nice canopy 20 feet in height and survive for 300.! The surrounding soil so the roots have somewhere to grow up to 65 feet height... Plants like humidity above 50 degrees Fahrenheit a two to three years Gary and Walter 's. Growing mangoes in containers thousand varieties of this fruit tree grows in hot, dry climates Quick for... For ease of fruit your seedling will produce tree seedling approx 10-12 inches tall at time of year,! Quality service and information for over twenty years reach approximately 20 inches plant grows and the rootball,!