The war was a direct challenge, as Lytton saw it, to Bloomsbury pacifist principles. Years later, Virginia Woolf reminisced that Strachey, as the leader of the "Bloomsberries," tore down the barriers of sexual reticence that had plagued their parents' generation. https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/giles-lytton-strachey, "Giles Lytton Strachey On the surface, Strachey appeared defiant of convention, but in his diary he wrote repeatedly of his loneliness and unhappiness with his looks. The biography of Strachey is really a biography of the Bloomsbury Group. Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. MAJOR WORKS: Biography The new movement in biography as a literary form began in England with Giles Lytton Strachey (STRAY-chee) as World War I came to an end. He was rather an artist with words. . Author Bio: Lytton Strachey. He published his major book, Eminent Victorians, in 1918. It was at Trinity College, and later at King's College, that he met most of his intellectual friends, among them the philosopher G. E. Moore (1873-1958), the economist John Maynard Keynes (1883-1946), the novelist E. M. Forster (1879-1970), the critic and publisher Leonard Woolf (1880-1969), and the art critic Clive Bell (1881-1964). He did prefer, however, what he called the "subtle attack" to undermine Victorian strictures on religious, artistic, social, and sexual matters. Lytton Strachey, in full Giles Lytton Strachey, (born March 1, 1880, London—died Jan. 21, 1932, Ham Spray House, near Hungerford, Berkshire, Eng. Eminent Victorians, by Lytton Strachey, Penguin … The conspiracy of public silence by which the Apostles, Bloomsbury Group, and other circles in England kept hidden from the world their sexual proclivities is yet to be studied. "Giles Lytton Strachey "Strachey, Lytton Definition of strachey He saw religion as Voltaire saw it, as a "ludicrous anachronism." He died on January 21, 1932 in Hungerford, Berkshire, England. His biography of Queen Victoria was awarded the James Tait … ." Michael Holroyd's two-volume biography of Strachey in 1968 (revised in 1995) offers a complex picture of a literary and sexual rebel still struggling with Victorian mores and legal codes as well as his own insecurities. . Some scholars, however, have questioned Strachey's feminist sympathies and have portrayed his relationship with Dora Carrington as that of patriarch and household drudge. Carrington committed suicide immediately after his death. Of all the Bloomsberries, Strachey took precedence (for instance, the Bloomsbury Group began to decline after his own death in 1932). His father, Sir Richard Strachey, was a colonial Indian civil servant and civil engineer and a British army general; he was a typical Victorian explorer/ scientist. Strachey was not a historical revisionist; for that he would have to have been a scholar. London, 1971. See alsoHomosexuality and Lesbianism; Wilde, Oscar. Irony is one thing; but it conceals too much from the author himself. English Literature, 20th cent. Surrounded by those he regarded as fellow "Greek souls," Strachey became a vocal advocate of the physical and spiritual superiority of all-male love. BORN: 1869, Paris, France GENRE: Fiction Adopting an irreverent attitude to the past and especially to the monumental life-and-letters volumes of Victorian biography, Strachey proposed to write lives … London, 1967–1968. DIED: 1881, London, England An interesting account of Strachey and other members of the Bloomsbury group is provided by John Keith Johnstone, in The Bloomsbury Group; a study of E.M. Forster, Lytton Strachey, Virginia Woolf, and Their Circle (Noonday Press, 1954). Encyclopedia.com. Strachey first broached the taboo subject of sex by pointing at a stain on Vanessa's dress and asking, "Semen?" Strachey eschewed the standard "two fat volumes" of Victorian biographies (he saw these tomes as "hagiographies": treatment of the illustrious dead). This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Lytton-Strachey, National Portrait Gallery - Biography of Lytton Strachey. BORN: 1922, London, England Encyclopedia of Modern Europe: Europe 1789-1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of Industry and Empire, Carlyle, Thomas The C…, Woolf, Virginia NATIONALITY: Scottish During World War I, Strachey was a conscientious objector, but his impact on the larger public would be felt most strongly in 1918 with the publication of his best-selling work, Eminent Victorians. Lytton Strachey as a biographer. . "Mordant irony" was replaced by grudging respect for the queen, even though Strachey felt himself amused by her antics. In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. BORN: 1795, Ecclefechan, Scotland . Strachey has certainly revolutionized the art of writing a biography. (December 21, 2020). Bloomsbury itself became a widely used term connoting an insular, snobbish aestheticism. MAJOR WORKS: Encyclopedia of World Biography. Lytton Strachey (March 1, 1880–January 21, 1932) was an English writer and critic. Even though Lytton's family members on both sides were well-connected and prosperous, the large parental home in unfashionable Bayswater was "suffocating" to him. DIED: 1933, London, England His father, Sir Richard Strachey, was a colonial Indian civil servant and civil engineer and a British army general; he was a typical Victorian explorer/ scientist. It tells of their affairs, the ups and downs of their lives and how they interconnected. He published critical writings, especially on French literature, but his greatest achievement was in biography. Lytton Strachey: A Critical Biography. Lytton Strachey was an English writer in the interwar period. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. The Immo…, Amis, Kingsley Lytton Strachey by Himself: A Self-Portrait. BORN: 1882, London, England He is best known for establishing a new form of biography in which psychological insight and sympathy are combined with irreverence and wit. Giles Lytton Strachey was the eleventh of thirteen children born to Sir Richard Strachey, engineer and Indian colonial servant, and Jane Grant, essayist and suffragist. "Eminent" in the book's title was satirical. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Love literature? Before him, the biographer used to neglect like a hagiographer the darker side of their heroes because they generally used to idealize their heroes by representing them as angels of virtue. The portrait of Strachey is a gentle and affectionate one. Though he spent some years at boarding schools, including Abbotsholme and Leamington College, he received much of his education at home. He turned a blind eye to Moore's inherent puritanism. (December 21, 2020). The biographer's responsibility was to preserve both a becoming brevity and his own freedom of spirit, which for Strachey meant illustrating … © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. □. Clive. He returned to his parents' home in Lancaster Gate and supported himself as a journalist—contributing book and drama reviews to The Spectator magazine, the Nation, and the Athenaeum—and published two collections of verse and an important work of literary criticism, Landmarks in French Literature (1912). After writing on Augustus John and Bernard Shaw, in 1994, Holroyd again revised the biography into a single volume, Lytton Strachey: The New Biography. He favored for himself brief biographies, the art of which rested on the subject's motive and personality as he saw it. We've arranged the synonyms in length order so that they are easier to find. Since the 1990s Queer theorists have championed Strachey—with his effeminate style of dress, high voice, and penchant for Wildean satire—as a camp artist. Sir Richard's second wife, Lytton's mother, was the daughter of Sir J. P. Grant of Rothiemurchus and was keen on French literature; she influenced Lytton's precocious literary talent. The biographer Lytton Strachey belonged to the Bloomsbury Group. New York, 2002. There was an element of theater, of almost pantomime, in Strachey's treatment of the Victorians. Retrieved December 21, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/strachey-giles-lytton. Although heralded in 1918 as a revolutionary biographer, Strachey temporarily faded into obscurity in the years following his death, and his work, along with that of the other "Bloomsberries," was attacked by Cambridge critics I. Encyclopedia of Modern Europe: Europe 1789-1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of Industry and Empire. GENRE: Fiction; poetry; criticism Holroyd relied upon and deferred to James Strachey in some of the authorial judgments. Lytton Strachey was born in London on March 1, 1880. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. 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